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Ship Classifications

 Call 866.944.SAIL or 310.823.5545 for more information.
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NAME NUMBER OF MASTS / SAILS & RIGGING MAST NAMES (Bow to Stern) SAIL NAMES (Lower to Upper)
All masts square rigged in the traditional fashion:
SHIP
(Full Rigged Ship)
> = 3 Fore Foresail, Fore Lower Topsail, Fore Upper Topsail, Fore Lower Topgallant Sail, Fore Upper Topgallant Sail,Foreroyal
Mast Names: (Lower to Upper) Lower, Topmast, Topgallant All Masts Square Rigged Main Mainsail, Main Lower Topsail, Main Upper Topsail, Main Lower Topgallant Sail, Main Upper Topgallant Sail, Main Royal
Mizzen Crossjack or Course or Crojack, Mizzen Lower Topsail, Mizzen Upper Topsail, Mizzen Lower Topgallant Sail, Mizzen Upper Topgallant Sail, Mizzen Royal
Jigger Jigger Sail, Jigger Lower Topsail, Jigger Upper Topsail, Jigger Lower Topgallant Sail, Jigger Upper Topgallant Sail, Jigger Royal
COMMENTS:
SHIP & BARQUE / BARK FORE & AFT SAILS (Bow to Stern and Top to Bottom):
Forward of Fore Mast Flying Jib, Outer Jib, Inner Jib, Fore-Topmast Staysail
Forward of Main Mast Main-Royal Staysail, Main Topgallant Staysail, Main Topmast Staysail
Forward of Mizzen Mast Mizzen Royal Staysail, Mizzen Topgallant Staysail, Mizzen Topmast Staysail
Forward of Jigger Mast Jigger Topgallant Staysail, Jigger Topmast Staysail, Jigger Staysail
Sails occasionally set above royals in calm weather (in order):
Skysails, Skyscrapers, Moonrakers, Angel's Foot Stools and finally Star Gazers
Largest Ship: Preussen ( only one with 5 masts )
Length: 124 meters / 407 feet; Beam: 16.5 m / 54 ft; 54,000 sq ft sails; Cargo: 8,000 tons; Registered Tonnage: 5,081 tons
Some masts square rigged and some masts rigged fore and aft:
BARQUE OR BARK 3 or more masts Fore Foresail / Fore Course, Fore Lower Topsail, Fore Upper Topsail, Fore Lower Topgallant Sail, ForeUpper Topgallant Sail, Foreroyal
forward 2-3+ masts are Square Rigged Main Mainsail / Mainsail Main Course, Main Lower Topsail,Main Upper Topsail, Main Lower Topgallant Sail, MainUpper Topgallant Sail, Main Royal
Mizzen Mizzen Sail / Crossjack / Course / Crojack, Mizzen Lower Topsail, Mizzen Upper Topsail, Mizzen Lower, Topgallant Sail, Mizzen Upper Topgallant Sail, Mizzen Royal
only 1 Aft Mast Rigged Fore & Aft Jigger Lower Spanker, Upper Spanker, Gaff-Topsail
COMMENTS:
Largest Sailing Ship / Barque: France II ( 5 masts )
Length: more than 130 meters / 142 yards / 426 feet; Cargo Capacity: 8,000 Tons
BARQUENTINE 3 Fore Forward: 1 Mast Square Rigged
Main Aft: 2 Aft Masts Rigged Fore & Aft
Mizzen Aft: 2 Aft Masts Rigged Fore & Aft
BRIG 2 Main All Masts Square Rigged
Mizzen
BRIGANTINE 2 Main 1 Mast Square Rigged Forward
Mizzen 1 Aft Mast Rigged Fore & Aft
All sails rigged fore and aft in the modern fashion:
KETCH 2 Masts with Sails Rigged Fore & Aft Main Mainsail
Mizzen Mizzensail, Mizzen Mast Lower and Aft of Main Mast, Mizzen Mast Forward of Rudder Post
YAWL 2 Masts with Sails Rigged Fore & Aft Main Mainsail
Mizzen Mizzensail, Mizzen Mast Lower and Aft of Main Mast, Mizzen Mast Aft of Rudder Post
SCHOONER 2 or More Masts with Sails Rigged Fore & Aft Fore Main Mast Aft of Fore Mast
Main Main/Aft Mast(s) Equal or Taller than Forward/Fore Mast
COMMENTS:
Largest known Schooner: 7 masts
5,218 tons; Length: 123 meters/134.5 yards; Beam 15 meters/49 feet; Sail Area: 4,000 square meters/4,784 square yards
SLOOP
(a.k.a. Bermudian or Marconi Rig)
1 Mast with Sails Rigged Fore & Aft Main Mainsail; All Sails Triangular
GAFF 1 Mast with Sails Rigged Fore & Aft Main Mainsail; Quadrilateral Sail(s) (4 sided)

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